Mary, Mona Lisa, and Seeing Through the Icons

journey to Bethlehem - Nankimstudio/iStock/Getty Images

When I was 16 years old, I saw da Vinci’s Mona Lisa for the first time. Sort of. I was on a high school exchange trip to France for two weeks, and even at 16 knew that visiting the Louvre and seeing this masterpiece was a “must.” But once I arrived, I had a hard time really seeing into the painting. The work was already familiar to me, so iconic, that all I could see was the idea. It was “the Mona Lisa,” but seeing the details was harder, much harder than with an unfamiliar painting, precisely because the look of the whole was already stamped into my mind. And the many tourists that crowded around the painting, taking photos, made it even more difficult to contemplate.

The Christmas Nativity scene can be like that. The story of the birth of Jesus can become so familiar, so iconic, that we can too easily lose the ability to really see the story and all of its details. The story of Mary, Joseph, and the baby Jesus, with shepherds, magi, and a bright star are widely represented in Christmas cards, pageants, and creche sets, and these are all wonderful ways to enter into the story. And yet each Christmas, I hope that I can somehow enter into the story with fresh eyes, so that I can find Jesus there and see him, and not only the image on the Christmas card.

St. Ignatius of Loyola gave us a way to pray imaginatively with Scripture so that we create a space for God to break into our icons, and maybe even break them up a little, so that images do not become idols, and we can see something new. For me, there are details in the Christmas stories—found in the Gospels of Luke and Matthew—that help me to get into the story when I pray imaginatively. I sometimes start by noticing parts of the story that are a little more “outside the box” than the parts that are already most familiar to me. For example, I might start by recalling little details such as:

  • A manger is a trough from which animals eat, and while the family could have been in a barn, they also could have slept just under an awning or lean-to.
  • Mary was advanced in pregnancy, and walking or riding an animal would likely have felt heavy and uncomfortable.
  • The census meant crowding and fear of disease in Jesus’ time; I might wonder what Mary and Joseph felt like, moving into a busy crowd.
  • It’s easy to ask for lodging in a room as a paying customer but harder to ask a stranger for a place to stay when there is nowhere else.
  • The shepherds spent a lot of time in the fields and probably had dirt on their clothes and were a bit smelly.
  • The magi may have been both inspired and tired after their long journeys.
  • We don’t know what the weather was like the day Jesus was born, so Mary and Joseph may have seen rain, snow, or in their region, perhaps even flowers.

The details can open up parts of the story that I may have forgotten but, even more importantly, they help the scene to start from some place real. I have, for example, walked around eight and a half months pregnant, wondering when I’d have the chance to sit down or find a bathroom. Or, lately, I try to avoid big crowds due to concern of disease. These experiences make the story more human for me. And then, God somehow manages to come into my prayer and do the rest. God creates the something new so that I can see with fresh eyes.

I went back and looked at a photo of the Mona Lisa recently and found that what I see there now is a young woman with a winding path behind her, aglow as though she has a secret to share. If I forget for a little while that she is the Mona Lisa, I have a chance of seeing Lisa Gherardini, who was probably the subject of the portrait. She also reminds me a little bit of Mary, another young woman with a winding path and a secret that must have made her ponder—and maybe also glow with—a mystery, of which I can only hope to get a small glimpse.


  1. Avery lovely Christmas Reflection. Thank You. Wishing You and your family , a Blessed Christmas.

    Just A little bit of information about Mona Lisa (Probably not True/ OR could be at that time!) It has been said the reason she doesn’t smile : she had rotten teeth) Believe it OR Not!!!


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